Cusco – Destinations of Perú
Cusco is located in the eastern slope of the Andes Mountain range, in the basin of the river Huatanay. It is the capital of the Department of Cuzco and it was the capital and headquarters of the government and the Empire of the Incas, it continued to be the center after the Incas, turning into the most important city of the Andes and of South America. This centralism gave Cusco its importance and turned it into the principal cultural area and axis of the religious worship.
It is atributed to Pachacutec that Cusco became the political and spiritual center. He rise to power in 1438, as well as his son Tupac Yupanqui, and dedicated 5 decades to the organization and conciliation of the different tribal groups under their dominance, among these groups where the lupacas and the collas. During their government the empire reached Quito (today Ecuador) to the north, and the Maule river (in Chile) to the south. In this way they connectedthe habitants that lived inside the 4500km of mountain ranges, culturally.
It is also believed that the original design of the city is the creation of Pachacutec. The plan of old Cusco has the shape of an outlined puma, with the main square “Huacaypata” as its Chest. The head of the feline is located in the hill where the fortress of Sacsayhuamán is.
The architecture was organized in a way that the four regions of the empire coincide in Cusco’s main square. The main agricultural resources are corn, barley, quinoa, tea, and coffee. In minery; gold and silver outstands and in energy, Natural Gas.
Tours en Cusco
The legendary Inca trail or QapaqÑam crossed South America from Quito in Ecuador to La Paz in Bolivia, going through the Andean mountain range. The branch of this trail that we are going to walk will take us to the Magnificent and sacred city of Machu Picchu, in a trip where the history, geography, local …View details
Driving the way to the sacred valley we will take a detour to the locality of Maras, located in the district with the same name, to the south of the town of Urubamba. The Salt planes are above the 3000 m.a.s.l. (or 9842 feet), here the extraction of salt is done rudimentarily since remote times. …View details
We will visit the atraction of the South Valley
Andahuaylillas: The sistine of America builted by the Jesuits at the end of the XVI century, Tipon: The agricultural fields of the inkas, where they developed a great irrigation sistem, Pikillaqta: A wari cidatel with a very interesting architecture.
Extension:71,9 mil squared kilometers
Population: 1 171.403 habitants.
Climate: The weather is cold and dry from May to December and rainy in the months of January to April. The average temperature in the capital is 12 °C The maximum 18 °C and the minimum around 4 °C. In the jungle is tropical hot.
Altitude in the capital: 3400 m.a.s.l.
TypicalFood: Timpu o Puchero, Chuno Cola, Rocoto Relleno, Pepian de Cuy ,Kapchi, Chicharron con Mote, Humitas, Tamales, Sara Lawa, Adobo, Olluco con Carne