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Iquitos – Destinations in Peru

Iquitos - Perú - Milla Turismo

Iquitos is the capital of the Loreto department. It is located in the northeast of Peru on the left shore of the Amazon River.  In this region the rivers Ucayali and Marañon unite to make the Amazon River.

Linked to the outside world by air and by river, Iquitos is the world’s largest city that cannot be reached by road. It has a unique personality: friendly, noisy, sassy and slightly manic. Travelers come here for an excursion into the rainforest or a river trip along the Amazon, but they often stay a few days to relish this remote jungle capital of the huge department of  Loreto.

Iquitos was founded in the 1750s as a Jesuit mission, fending off attacks from indigenous tribes who didn’t want to be converted. The tiny settlement survived and grew slowly until, by the 1870s, it had 1500 inhabitants. Then came the great rubber boom, and by the 1880s the population had increased 16-fold. For the next 30 years, Iquitos was at once the scene of ostentatious wealth and abject poverty. The rubber barons became fabulously rich, and the rubber tappers (mainly local tribes people and poor mestizos) suffered virtual enslavement and sometimes death from disease or harsh treatment. Signs of the opulence of those days are seen in some of the mansions and tiled walls of Iquitos.

Iquitos suffered economic decline during the decades after WWI, supporting itself as best it could by a combination of logging, agriculture (Brazil nuts, tobacco, bananas and barbasco – a poisonous vine used by indigenous peoples to hunt fish and now exported for use in insecticides) and the export of wild animals to zoos. Then, in the 1960s, a second boom revitalized the area. This time the resource was oil, and its discovery made Iquitos a prosperous modern town. In recent years tourism has also played an important part in the economy of the area.

Information referred from lonely planet.

 

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General Information

Extension: 368.9 km²

Capital: Iquitos

Population: 452,757 habitants

Altitude: 106 m.a.s.l. / 347.76 feet above sea level.

Climate: Being next to the equatorial line. Iquitos has a rainy tropical weather, with temperatures that go between 15 °C a 31 °C. the average temperature along the year is 23 °C. The rainy season goes from November to May, where the highest fluvial point is in may and the lowest in October.

Typical Food: The main dishes in the Peruvian Amazon are the “Juane”, made with rice, Hen meat, olives, egg, and other spices; “el tacacho” made with cooked banana and dry meat;  “inchicapi” it’s a chicken soup thickened with corn flour; the “timbuche” a very rich fish broth frequently prepared with local fish “boquichico”; “patarashca” is a whole fish wrapped in banana leaves and grilled; Chonta salat (a type of palm) cocona sauces, ají charapita (a type of chili) among others.